E-Health

 

VACCINATION IN PEDIATRIC (CHILDHOOD)

VACCINATION SCHEDULE RECOMMENDED BY THE MINISTRY OF HEALTH Hepatitis-B at birth 1st dose Hepatitis-B at 1 month 2nd dose 2nd month 5-dose mixed, BCG, Pneumococcal vaccines including diphtheria-pertussis-tetanus-pediatrics oral and polio vaccine with doses of Pneumococcal and Hepatitis-B vaccines at the 12th and 12th months. Measurements of measles-rubella-mumps and pneumococcal vaccines. oral polio vaccine with mixed rapes. Spc Hasan YILDIZ & Exp. M.Fatih FAKİRULLAHOĞLU

NUTRITION IN PEDIATRIC (CHILDHOOD)

0-6. MONTHLY BABY NUTRITION The first 6 months of the baby should only be fed with breast milk. We recommend not to start additional food even if the baby is not breastfed for the first 4 months. In case of insufficiency of breast milk, formula formula foods can be started if the baby is less than 4 months and additional foods can be started. NUTRITION OF FOODS FOR 6-9 MONTHS ADDITIONAL FOODS Babies should only be breastfed for the first 6 months. For babies who are not breastfed or mixed with formula, your doctor may start additional food from month 4. 1. FRUIT JUICE OR Mashed (09: 00-10: 00) OR ORGANIC FRUIT MIXES Depending on the season, apple, pear, carrot, peach, apricot and grape juice can be. Fruits are started every day for the first week with one to five teaspoons each. In the 2nd week, 120 ml of fruit juice or 1 cup (150 gr.) Of fruit puree is added one by one or in mixture. 2. VEGETABLE SOUP (12: 00-14: 00) In the first week, 2 cups of water, 1-2 teaspoons of olive oil, medium or small potatoes, carrots and ½ of pumpkin are boiled in a bowl for 30-40 minutes, then blender or robots is given in the form of simple vegetable soup. In the second week, 1 teaspoon of semolina or rice and other vegetables other than eggplant (spinach, celery, tomato, purslane, dill, parsley etc.) may be added to the vegetable soup. If the baby has completed its 6th month, meat can be added to the vegetable soup 4-5 days a week. The meat should be in the form of minced meat or chicken meat. Baby minced meat will be taken 3 times lean beef, chicken meat will be 1 matchbox from chicken breast. From the 6th month onwards, soups with yogurt (plateau or tarhana soup) can be given 2-3 days a week. Vegetable soups can be prepared for 2 days. However, spinach should be consumed quickly. 3. YOGHURT (15: 00-16: 00) If it is started before the 6th month, yoghurt can be made from pasteurized milk daily or natural yoghurt can be given as 1 bowl (150 gr.) Per day. Yogurt made from goat milk can be given to infants with allergic structure and especially to babies with cow milk allergy. However, one-third of babies with cow's milk allergy may also have goat milk allergy, so it is necessary to start with caution in physician control. Any kind of yogurt can be given to babies who are not allergic after the 6th month. Fruit yogurts should not exceed 2 per day. 4. VEGETABLE (18: 00-22: 00) Custard or cereal spoon foods can be used as evening meals. For making custard, add 1-2 teaspoons of rice flour to 1 cup of water. Stir for 5-10 minutes and then allow to cool. When it becomes warm, 4-6 scale powder is added to the formula and mixed well and given to the baby. Babies who do not use bottle food or do not like custard can be given one of the cereal spoon foods at evening meals. 5. BREAKFAST (07: 00-09: 00) Starts in the 6th - 7th months. 60-90 ml of formula, juice, linden or breast milk • 4-6 biscuits • half to 1 matchbox of unsalted lean white cheese or labne cheese • ½ egg yolk (cooked-solid) • Jam or molasses • Butter or mixed with walnut. 9-12 MONTHS BABY NUTRITION We call the period between 9-12 months the transition to home table. The baby should first become accustomed to feeding one by one, starting with breakfast products and trying home meals. Foods other than cow's milk, egg white, honey, eggplant and pods should be started in small amounts. Kurubaklagil dishes, vegetable dishes, meat dishes, pasta, rice, bulgur-style cereal foods should be given, instead of blending, we should prefer to crush. The baby should be prepared to be fed at the table with the family until 1 year old. The number of meals should be 4 meals per day and 1-2 meals per night. Breakfast, lunch, afternoon meals in the form of yogurt and fruit, evening meals with the night breast milk, formula milk or spoon food in the form of cereals can be. Spc Hasan YILDIZ & Exp. M.Fatih FAKİRULLAHOĞLU

ALLERGY IN PEDIATRIC

What is Allergy? How does it come about? Allergy can be defined as the body's abnormal sensitivity to a substance that most individuals do not experience problems with. Allergy often shows a genetic (hereditary) transition between family members. If one of the parents has an allergic body structure, the risk of developing allergies in the child is 25%, and if both the mother and father are allergic, it increases to 50%. The same allergic disease in both mother and father

 

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